"One-Day or One-Trial"
In April 1999, the Judicial Council adopted rule 2.1002 of the California Rules of Court and enacted the one-day or one-trial policy in state courts effective July 1, 1999. At the time, more than 20 superior courts in California’s 58 counties reported they had already adopted a one-day or one-trial system. By May 2002, with the successful implementation of one-day or one-trial jury service at the Superior Court of Los Angeles County, the new system was effective statewide.
The vote was made following presentation of recommendations by Judge Dallas Holmes, chair of the Task Force on Jury System Improvements, at the Judicial Council's April 29, 1999, business meeting (item 11). He stated that the intent of the proposed rule was to reduce waste of juror time and increase juror participation.
Before the system was enacted, prospective jurors had to be available for up to 10 days in some counties. Under the policy, potential jurors need to report for only one day to find out whether they will continue to serve. The system also reduces uncertainly about when and for how long employees will be unavailable for work.
While jury service is required by state law, the courts recognize that it impacts businesses and employees. The one-day or one-trial system is designed to reduce unproductive waiting time of jurors as well as the potential for lost income, and it reduces the uncertainty of when and for how long employees will be unavailable for work.